PILOT PROJECT ON RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN THE NEMAN RIVER BASIN
The overall objective of the project is to improve integrated river basin management and transboundary cooperation in times of a changing climate in the Neman river basin. The project aims to strengthen the capacity to adapt to climate change of the countries sharing the Neman river through supporting dialogue and cooperation on the needed steps to design an adaptation strategy in the transboundary context. It will aim to reach a common understanding on future water availability and water use taking into account possible climate change impacts.
The preparatory phase has taken place from June until December 2010 and was aimed at gaining commitment from countries, identifying focal points and defining the exact project aims and objectives as well as activities. A first preparatory meeting for the project took place on 14 October 2010 in Minsk, Belarus, with participants from all three riparian countries, i.e. Belarus, Lithuanian and Russian Federation. At this meeting participants agreed on the on the overall objectives and activities foreseen as follows:
- Environmental analysis: analyse human activities' pressures and impacts on the status (ecological and chemical) of water bodies in the Neman/ Nemunas river basin and identify priority problems, as it has been done in Lithuania already in the framework of the EU Water Framework directive; if possible this phase will include elaborating a proposal for harmonizing water status (ecological and chemical) indicators, criteria (values), water status classification systems and parameters.
- Baseline study: exchange, analyse, and compare the climate-relevant data and the data for the assessment of socio-economic development scenarios impact on the status of water bodies of the Neman/ Nemunas river basin (possibly through a simple platform) and scenarios as well as models used in all riparian countries for climate change impact assessment;
- Assess future run-off in the entire Neman/ Nemunas river basin under conditions of future climate change as well as different scenarios for socio-economic development:
- Harmonize the climate change and socio-economic development scenarios’ impact on the status of the Neman/ Nemunas river basin water bodies assessments done in the different countries, possibly based on the Lithuanian methodology, forecast run-off for the entire basin
- Agree on different joint scenarios on the future water use taking into account planned developments in the use of water resources as much as possible.
- Perform water balance calculations.
- Analyse the hydro-meteorological, hydro-chemical and hydro-biological monitoring systems in the transboundary basin, whether and how they can be optimized for monitoring climate change and extreme events
- Assess and forecast climate change future impacts on water quality to the degree possible.
The project outputs will include recommendations for transboundary water management for the basin and for a possible joint adaptation strategy. Discussions will also be held on coordinated adaptation measures/ coordination of river basin management plans.
- Facilitating organizations: UNECE (Ms. Sonja Koeppel)
- Local partners: National institutions of the countries (Belarus: Research Institute for the Complex Use of Water Resources, Lithuania: Environmental Protection Agency
Project duration: 2.5 years, Start: June 2010, End: December 2012
News And Events
Consultations and seventh meeting of Dniestr project, Chisinau, 9-10 July 2013
Fourth Workshop on Adaptation to Climate Change in Transboundary Basins (Geneva, 25–26 June 2013)
Final workshop on Flood Risk Management planning and Climate Change assessment in the Sava River Basin, Zagreb, 5-6 June 2013.
Workshop on Flood Communication in the Dniester River Basin May 27-28, 2013 Lviv, Ukraine
Workshop on climate change adaptation in the Neman river basin. Vilnius, Lithuania, 16 May 2013
Workshop and expert meetingRiver basin management and climate change adaptation in the Neman river basin. Minsk, Republic of Belarus, 19 March 2013
First meeting of the global network of basins working on adaptation to climate change and third meeting of the core group of pilot projects (Geneva, 20 - 21 February 2013)